In every second man after 40 years, inflammation of the prostate gland occurs in a chronic form. To get rid of it, patients resort to a variety of methods. But only the drug treatment of prostatitis makes sense and makes sense.
Therapy is based on antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The course is complemented by immunostimulants, analgesics, bioregulatory peptides, vitamins, herbal remedies, etc. In most cases, prostatitis can be eliminated at home, as prescribed by the attending physician.
Why are antibiotics needed for prostatitis?
There are several forms of prostatitis:
- chronically aseptic,
- chronic bacteria,
- chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Whether or not bacteria have invaded the prostate, the global urological community recommends the use of antibiotics.
The main groups of antibacterial drugs are:
A characteristic of fluoroquinolones is good permeability in the prostate tissue, high bioavailability.
At the same time, there is no difference in how the drug is injected: internally, intramuscularly or intravenously, the effectiveness is the same. Because of these properties, fluoroquinolones have become popular with doctors, they are widely used to suppress prostatitis with drugs.
Tetracyclines are used when the doctor suspects the presence of atypical forms of bacteria. This can be confirmed by the culture of prostate secretions and the examination of urethral swabs. Tetracyclines are rarely used due to their high specificity.
Macrolides are drugs for the gram positive flora.
Antibiotics of this group are effective in the presence of pathogens such as:
To determine how to treat prostatitis and which of the antibiotics to choose, you need to submit the secret of the prostate for research. The analysis confirms the presence of inflammation. After inoculating the liquid on culture media, it becomes clear which antibiotic is active in this case.
The duration of treatment is determined by regular examination of the prostate juice. Usually the course lasts 2-4 weeks, but can be extended depending on test results.
Pain Relief With NSAIDs
Most patients with prostatitis complain of pain.
It can be localized in the following parts of the body:
- the pelvic region (lower abdomen),
- lower back.
This symptom leads men to see a doctor. Therefore, drug treatment for prostatitis is complemented by the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSAIDs locally relieve inflammation, edema, improve blood circulation. As a result, the pain syndrome is eliminated. A lasting effect can only be achieved by taking NSAIDs in combination with other drugs.
Means that improve the quality of urination
A common complaint made by men with prostatitis is dysuric disorders.
The following symptoms can be observed during the interview:
- frequent use of the toilet,
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder,
- sluggish urine stream,
- an admixture of blood in the urine,
- Cramps when urinating,
- Urge to change body position,
- nocturnal urination, etc.
All of these symptoms reduce the patient's quality of life considerably. You can get rid of them with alpha blockers.
The effectiveness of the means is based on the effect on the muscle elements of the bladder, its neck and the first sections of the urethra.
With alpha blockers, you can achieve the following changes:
- shorten the urination time,
- reduce the number of visits to the toilet,
- get rid of getting up at night,
- improve the pressure of the urine stream, etc.
It is necessary to use the funds of this group for a long time. Urologists recommend six months of therapy. This will help prevent the disease from recurring.
Herbal medicine is an essential part of treatment
Recently, phytopreparations have been included in the treatment of prostate inflammation. They have a number of advantages over products of chemical origin, including:
- relative harmlessness,
- the minimum number of side effects,
- the possibility of use in people with impaired liver and kidney function,
- Availability etc.
Well-known preparations include herbal extracts. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effects. This will help reduce swelling, which means it will remove pain and improve urination.
The main advantage of phytopreparations is the possibility of their long-term use. This fact is especially relevant for patients with frequent relapses of the disease.
Using herbal remedies, men conduct exacerbation prevention. At home, you can independently prepare fees for the treatment of male pathology.
Other remedies for prostatitis
Complex medical treatment for prostatitis can include the following drugs:
- bioregulatory peptides,
- Vitamin complexes,
- Muscle relaxants,
The combination of drugs is different. The decision on the appointment of certain funds is made by the attending physician.
The average duration of active therapy for an exacerbation episode is 1 month.
Regardless of what drugs have been prescribed, the recommendations of the doctor must be strictly followed. You can not cancel the course even if the symptoms of the disease have subsided.
Prostatitis often recurs. Its treatment should be carried out under the supervision of laboratory and ultrasound diagnostics. In this case, you can get the maximum result.